Historical Portraits Picture Archive

Portrait miniature of Charles II (1630-1685), as Prince of Wales, in armour breastplate, buff doublet with embroidered sleeves, white lawn collar with tassels, wearing the blue sash of the Order of the Garter, natural curling brown hair, c.1653 

David Des Granges (1611/13 - 1671/2)

Portrait miniature of Charles II (1630-1685), as Prince of Wales, in armour breastplate, buff doublet with embroidered sleeves, white lawn collar with tassels, wearing the blue sash of the Order of the Garter, natural curling brown hair, c.1653, David Des Granges
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Watercolour on vellum
17th Century
Oval, 70mm (2 ¾ in.) high
 
Provenance:
English Private Collection
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This miniature may be considered to be one of the group of the official likenesses des Granges painted during Charles II's exile. These miniatures were essential tools for distribution among his supporters. Not only were they given as tokens of affection and thanks but were essential in keeping the putative king’s visage alive.

Charles had a long association with des Granges, who had painted him as a young boy copying portraits of him after Hoskins during the late 1630s. In 1647, he was perhaps the natural choice to follow the young Prince of Wales in his exile to The Hague. Here, des Granges produced a series of copies in miniature after the lost, probably full-length portrait of the future King Charles II, by Adriaen Hanneman (c. 1601 - c. 1671). In 1651, he was appointed "His Majesty's Limner in Scotland", the same year as Charles was crowned ‘King of Scotland’ at Scone.

The present miniature can be dated to circa 1650, based on another version signed and dated in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. At twenty years of age, the future king is shown with a tentative moustache, the sash of the Order of the Garter emphasising his recent Scottish coronation.

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