Historical Portraits Picture Archive

Portrait of John Carteret, Earl Granville 1690 - 1763 1743c.

William Hoare of Bath 

Portrait of John Carteret, Earl Granville 1690 - 1763, William Hoare of Bath
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Oil on canvas
18th Century
50 x 40 inches 127 x 101.2 cm
 
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Inscribed ''Earl Granville first app Secr of State 17? Ob: 1763''
John Carteret succeeded as Baron Carteret of Hawnes in 1695, the title was created for his father in 1681 as grandson of the 1st Earl of Sandwich.
In 1744 he succeeded to the titles of Earl Granville and Viscount Carteret on the death of his mother, his mother being Grace, youngest daughter of John Granville, 1st Earl of Bath, one of the three coheirs to his estates. She was created Viscountess Carteret and Countess Granville
in 1715.

Carteret was educated at Westminster School and Christ Church Oxford, where he was said to have been unusually studious for ''a person of his rank1 (Swift, works, Vii.476). He took his seat in the Lords in May 1711, making his first speach in 1716 and then quickly establishing a reputation as an orator and a supporter of the protestant succession. He was a leading Whig figure and became a favourite of George I since he was able to speak German. He accompanied George I in Hanover in 1723 and George II during the Dettington Campaign in 1743.
Unusually interested in foreign affairs, Carteret was in 1719 sent
as an envoy to sweden and succeeded in opening the Baltic to British
commerce and negotiated peace between the Baltic powers. He served
as Secretary of State in Walpole''s administration from 1721-24 but
it was impossible for two such strong characters to work together and
eventually Carteret tried to form a party of his own and oust Walpole.
To this end he encouraged the discontent then evident in Ireland. Walpole''s
revenge was fitting, in 1724 Carteret was appointed Lord Lieutenant
of Ireland where he remained until he was dismissed in 1730.
Refusing to take office again under Walpole, Carteret joined Pulteney in opposition; their struggle was protracted and in 1741 Carteret made his famous speech in the Lords moving that an address should be made to the King requesting him to remove Walpole. Although apparently unsuccessful, Walpole was eventually forced to resign in 1742 and Carteret was appointed Secretary of State again.
Back in power, Carteret''s policies changed and domestic matters continued largely unchanged. Foreign policy, however, was given new impetus, with Carteret furthering the King''s Hanovarian policies. This period was known as ''The Drunken Administration'', a name due in no small part to Carteret.
In 1743 Carteret''s ally, Pelham, became prime minister. This put too much strain on their shaky alliance and the next year Carteret resigned the seals. He remained influential and pursuaded the King to prevent Pitt taking office. In 1746 Carteret and Lord Bath sought to form an administration but their attempt foundered after only four days.

Despite his retirement from active politics after 1747, the King appointed Carteret KG in 1749 and in 1751 he became President of the Council, a post he held until his death.

William Hoare was one of the first English artists to study in Rome, where he was influenced by Sheemakers and Batoni. He later travelled in franee and the Netherlands. Upon returning to England, Hoare was involved in an attempt in 1755 to form an English Academy. He was a foundation Royal Academician in 1768.

Hoare's practice as a portrait painter was based in Bath and there is no record of hoare attending meetings at the RA although he exhibited annually until 1783. He devoted himself exclusively to portraiture and was successful and fashionable. He painted several significant political figures including the celebrated portraits of William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chartham and Lord Chesterfield as well as Frederick, Prince of Wales and Beau Nash. A second, studion version of this portrait is in the National Portrait Gallery no. 1778.

An exhibition devoted to William Hoare's work was held in Bath in 1990, catalogued by Evelyn Newby who has confirmed the authorship.
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